Sunday, May 24, 2020

Thinking About Pursuing a Graduate Degree in History

Are you considering a masters or doctoral degree in History? The decision to pursue graduate study in History, like other fields, is a complex one that is part emotional and part rational. The emotional side of the equation is powerful. The pride of becoming the first in your family to earn a graduate degree, being called Doctor, and living a life of the mind are all tempting rewards. However, the decision of whether to apply to graduate programs in History also entails pragmatic considerations. In a difficult economic climate, the question becomes even more perplexing. Below are a few considerations. Remember that this is your choice - a very personal choice - that only you can make. Competition for entry to graduate study in History is stiff. The first thing to recognize when it comes to graduate study is that it is competitive. Admissions standards for many graduate programs, especially doctoral programs, in History are tough. Peruse applications for the top Ph.D. programs in the field and you may encounter warnings not to apply if you do not have a particular score on the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) Verbal Test and a high undergraduate GPA (for example, at least a 3.7). Earning a Ph.D. in History takes time. Once you enter graduate school you may remain a student longer than you intend. History and other humanities students often take longer to complete their dissertations than science students do. Graduate students in History can expect to remain in school for at least 5 years and as many as 10 years. Each year in graduate school is another year without full-time income. Graduate students in History have fewer funding sources than science students do. Graduate study is expensive. Annual tuition typically ranges from $20,000-40,000. The amount of funding a student receives is important to his or her economic well-being long after graduate school. Some History students work as teaching assistants and receive some tuition remission benefits or a stipend. Most students pay for all of their education. In contrast, science students are often funded by grants that their professors write to support their research. Science students often receive full tuition remission and a stipend during graduate school. Academic jobs in History are hard to come by. Many faculty members advise their students not to go into debt to earn a graduate degree in History because of the job market for college professors, especially in the humanities, is bad. Many humanities PhDs work as adjunct instructors (earning about $2,000-$3,000 per course) for years. Those who decide to seek full-time employment rather than reapply for academic jobs work in college administration, publishing, the government, and non-profit agencies. Historians' skills in reading, writing and argumentation skills are valued outside of academia. Many of the negative considerations in deciding whether to apply to graduate school in History emphasize the difficulty of obtaining employment in academic settings and the financial challenges that come with graduate study. These considerations are less relevant for students who plan on careers outside of academia. On the positive side, a graduate degree offers many opportunities outside of the ivory tower. The skills that you will hone as you pursue your graduate degree are valued in virtually all employment settings. For example, graduate degree holders in History are skilled in reading, writing, and argumentation. Each paper you write in graduate school requires that you compile and integrate information, and construct logical arguments. These information management, argumentation, and presentation skills are useful in a variety of settings such as business, nonprofits, and government. This quick overview of pragmatic considerations in determining whether graduate study in History is for you highlights some of the challenges, but your academic and professional career is yours to make. Students who plan, take advantage of an opportunity and remain open to considering a range of career options increase the odds of a graduate degree in History paying off in the long run. Ultimately graduate school decisions are complex and highly personal. Only you are aware of your own circumstances, strengths, weaknesses, and goals - and whether a History degree fits into your life story.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Critically Analyse an Identified Public Health Strategy or Campaign Free Essay Example, 3500 words

Quite strangely, Solihull is currently plagued with rates of sexually transmitted infections that are higher than the national average. A recent screening program that was undertaken in 20 locations for instance identified an infection rate of 10% amongst people under the age of 25 (Solihull NHS Care Trust, 2008, p. 19). Meanwhile, this population represents one of the healthiest and most productive groups. The third need identified could directly be linked as the cause of the second as there are insufficient sexual and reproductive public health centers. A typical scenario is the fact that there is no local Genito-Urinary Medicine (GUM) clinic within the population. Even though there is a contraception service and sexual health service, these are not captured under the capacity in specialized contraception (CASH) and so there is no well matched geographic integration of the sexual and reproductive health needs within the population. Aims and Strategic Objectives of the Strategic Plan One of the most unique features of the Solihull Sexual Health Strategic Plan 2008 – 2013 is that the plan has clearly been defined along the lines of aims and objectives. We will write a custom essay sample on Critically Analyse an Identified Public Health Strategy or Campaign or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now It would be noted that aims are often generalized goals that broad in nature. To this end, they require specific and smaller tasks to aid in their achievement. It is in this sense that the need for specific objectives arises. As far as aims are concerned, the strategic plan is aimed at improving the sexual health of the Solihull population (Solihull NHS Care Trust, 2008, p. 13). The plan is also aimed at reducing the sexual health inequalities that exists between geographical or socially disadvantaged groups (Solihull NHS Care Trust, 2008, p. 13). Some of the specific objectives that are aimed at achieving the aims are paraphrased from the Solihull Sexual Health Strategic Plan 2008 – 2013 document as follows 1. Cut down on the occurrence of STIs 2. Reduce the transmission of HIV and STIs 3. Decrease incidences of unplanned preganacies, especially in people under the age of 18 4. Improve the health, support and care given to people living with HIV 5. Decrease incidence of stigma against people infected with HIV 6. Provide rapid access to safe, legal, high quality and equitable NHS funded termination of pregnancy services 7. Provide needed support to teenage mothers and their children 8. Increase the skill and training of personnel and workers delivering sexual and reproductive health services Rationale for the Strategic Plan Even though the sexual health and reproductive needs of Solihull has been mentioned as one of the prevalent in the whole of England, policy makers say the rates do not cause an alarming need for the present strategic plan as the existence of inequalities within the region as far as sexual and reproductive health are concerned.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Computer and Local Area Networks Free Essays

1. Scalabilit y refers to the ability of a computer, product, or system to be available 24/7 for constant use without breaking down. (True/False) 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Computer and Local Area Networks or any similar topic only for you Order Now Software that manages the resources of the computer is called A) operating system software. B) application software. C) data management software. D) network software. 3. Reducing computer power consumption is a top priority for grid computing. (True/False) 4. The network standard for connecting desktop computers into local area networks that enabled the widespread adoption of client/server computing and local area networks and further stimulated the adoption of personal computers is A) TCP/IP B) COBOL C) Ethernet D) ASCII 5. Which of the following is NOT an example of the emerging mobile computing platforms? A) netbooks B) the Kindle C) cell phones D) CRM E) iPad 6. Connecting geographically remote computers in a single network to create a â€Å"virtual supercomputer† is called A) co-location. B) edge computing. C) grid computing. D) utility computing. E) cloud-computing 7. In the age of the Internet, Porter’s traditional competitive forces model is still at work, but: a)Competitive rivalry has become much more intense b)Barrier to entry is higher c)Customer demands are unpredictable d)Suppliers come and go 8. In the value chain model, primary activities are most directly related to the production and distribution of the firm’s products and services that create value for the: a)broker )supplier c)customer d)organization e)system 9. Which of the following is NOT one of the competitive forces? A) suppliers B) other competitors C) external environment D) customers E) wholesalers and distributors 10. Which of the following statements is NOT true about information technology’s impacts on business firms? A) It helps firms expand in size. B) It helps firms lower the cost of market participation. C) It helps reduce internal management costs. D) It helps reduce transaction costs. How to cite Personal Computer and Local Area Networks, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Euthanasia The Right to Die Essay Example For Students

Euthanasia: The Right to Die Essay Euthanasia is a very controversial topic. People argue as to whether or not aperson who is terminally ill, or handicap, should have the right or not to asktheir doctor, or relatives to die by euthanasia. People say that dying byeuthanasia is to die with dignity, instead of living an artificial life onrespirators and other life support machines. My personal feelings on this topicis one of the minority. If a person is terminally ill, and there is nothinganyone can do for them, why should they have to suffer? Not only do they sufferbut their family does also. They will watch as their condition gets worse, andthen the vision in their head of the loved one who has finally died many monthsafter they were diagnose as terminally ill, is a memory of a person lying therehelpless, not able to feed themselves, get out of bed, or talk to you. One notable euthanasia case would be Sue Rodrigous. She had a disease known asLou Gehrigs disease or ALS, which is a rare incurable disease of the nervoussystem. ALS gradually destroys the nerves that control the muscles. The resultsof which are weakness, paralysis, and eventually death. That is what SueRodrigous was suffering from for well over a year. Knowing that her conditionwas only going to get worse, and eventually, after the pain and suffering, wouldresult in death, Sue wanted to die. She wanted people to remember her as alively healthy woman, not just a body lying helpless in a hospital bed. Withthat thought in mind, Sue went to court to fight for right to die by euthanasia. The courts did not agree with her though. Dr. Jack Kevorkian, proposed the creation of a new medical specialist, theobitiarist, who would assist terminally ill patients to take their own lives,subject to strict guidelines. His patient also suffered from Lou Gehrigs disease. She was in bad shape,struggling to hold her head up, could not talk, and had to communicate using acomputer keyboard. She was deteriorating quickly. She was very smart, hesaid, a note of sadness entering his voice. Kevorkian built a machine calledthe mercitron, a jumble of tubes and bottles that would allow patients withlittle mobility to inject themselves with a lethal cocktail of drugs. In Of Mice and Men by Steinbeck, there are examples of euthanasia. Candy andhis dog were together since the dog was a pup. One of the farm hands pointed outthat the dog was no good to himself. The dog was old and would surely die aslow death. Knowing this, Candy agreed to let the man shoot the dog in the backof the head so the dog would die without feeling a thing. I dont see no reason for it, said Carlson. He went to hisbunk, pulled his bag from underneath it and took out a Lugerpistol. Les get it over with, Candy looked a long time at Slim to try to find some reversal. And Slim gave him none. At last Canady said softly andhopelessly, Awright take aim. A day later Candy is talking with George and Lennie, and he says that he wishesthat when the day came that he was no good to himself anymore just like his doghad been, that someone shoot him. Of course the most obvious example of euthanasia is at the end of the novel. Lennie who is fond of things that are soft to touch is stroking Curlys wifeshair. He becomes carried away and breaks her neck and kills her. George,fearing Lennies life, takes his gun and runs into the bushes with him. As thedogs and the men from the farm run after them George realizes that when theycatch Lennie they would either torture him, or send him to a mental hospital. .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .postImageUrl , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:hover , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:visited , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:active { border:0!important; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:active , .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8 .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u22bebd6d728f12e3dd64faf8c66429e8:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Facebook 's Influence On Facebook EssayGeorge knows that would just kill Lennie. So George takes his gun and killsLennie with one shot to the head. And George raised the gun and steadied it, and he brought the muzzle of itclose to the back of Lennies head. The hand shook violently, but his face setand his hand steadied. He pulled the trigger.With every example of euthanasia there are some people who agree, and some whoare dead set against it. There are comprehensible, and logical reasons why somepeople are against euthanasia. Most people want their loved ones with themuntil their day has actually come for them to die. It might give people anunderstanding that it was all right to kill themselves. While the patient islying in bed some clinic, or scientist, might find a cure for the very diseasethat patient is dying from. For medical reasons they may be able to find outmore about a certain disease while someone has it. As many times as you ponderthe idea of euthanasia you will find just as many pros as cons. Maybe we haveto start thinking like the person in the hospital bed, who is unable to walk,talk, feed themselves, think for th emselves, or even breathe for themselves. Even from the perspective of the family member who has to watch their own fleshand blood suffer. O! that this too solid flesh would melt,Thaw and resolve itself into a dew;Or that the Everlasting had not fixdHis canon against self-slaughter! William Shakespeare Category: English

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Marijuana Essays - Herbalism, Medicinal Plants, Cannabis

Marijuana Essays - Herbalism, Medicinal Plants, Cannabis Marijuana Throughout history marijuana has been used to serve various purposes in many different cultures. The purposes have changed over time to fit in with the current lifestyles. This pattern is also true in American history. The use of marijuana has adapted to the social climate of the time. Marijuana, whose scientific name is cannibis sativa, was mentioned in historical manuscripts as early as 2700 B. C. in China. (Grolier Electronic Encyclopedia, 1995). The cultivation of the marijuana plant began as far back as the Jamestown settlers, around 1611, who used hemp produced from the marijuana plant's fibers to make rope and canvas. It was also used in making clothing because of it's durability. These uses fit in with the social climate of the time, because the main focus was on survival rather than for psychoactive purposes. During the prohibition, marijuana was widely used because of the scarcity of alcohol. Prohibition was repealed after just thirteen years while the prohibition against marijuana lasted for more than seventy five years. This double standard may have resulted from the wishes of those in power. Alcohol prohibition struck directly at tens of millions of Americans of all ages, including many of societies most powerful members. Marijuana prohibition threatened far fewer Americans, and they had relatively little influence in the districts of power. Only the prohibition of marijuana, which some sixty million Americans have violated since 1965 has come close to approximating the prohibition experience, but marijuana smokers consist mostly of young and relatively powerless Americans (American Heritage, pg 47). Alcohol prohibition was repealed and marijuana prohibition was retained, not because scientists had proved that alcohol was the less dangerous of the various psychoactive drugs, but because of the prejudices and preferences of most Americans (American Heritage, pg 47). In 1937 the government issued the Marijuana Tax Act, which levied a dollar an ounce tax on marijuana, coupled with fines of $2,000 for drug posession and jail sentences for evasion of the tax. For this reason marijuana use in the United States appears to have gone into decline in the late 30's (Grolier Wellness Encyclopedia, pg 54). Then marijuana was outlawed in 1937 as a repressive measure against Mexican workers who crossed the border seekingjobs during the Depression. The specific reason given for the outlawing of the hemp plant was it's supposed violent effect on the degenerate races (Schaffer, pg. 86). Beginning in the 60's marijuana use saw a resurgence which may be attributed to many causes. One of the main causes was the rebellion of youth against the Vietnam War. They used marijuana as an escape from war to peace. It was easy at this time to depict marijuana as a beneficial and completely harmless substance whose effects were far less harmful than those of legal drugs such as alcohol and nicotine because there was not enough scientific research done during the 60's (Grolier Wellness Encyclopedia, pg 54). Another cause may have been the discovery of the psychoactive component of marijuana- tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC. Users found the relation between the doses and the effects (Grolier Electronic Publishing, 1995). The current atmosphere provides for doctors to suggest synthetic marijuana (THC) in a pure and standardized form by perscription (called Marinol) for the treatment of nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy. Also, although there is no scientific evidence that shows marijuana is beneficial in the treatment of glaucoma, it may prevent the progression of visual loss. Marijuana, along with alcohol and a host of other substances, can actually lower intraocular eye pressure. The mediction however, must be carefully tailored to the individual to prevent further eye damage. The evidence has clearly shown that marijuana has been around for a great deal of time and has served multiple purposes throughout history. Sources Grolier Electronic Encylopedia, Electronic Publishing, Inc., 1995 Grolier Wellness Encyclopedia, Drugs, Society & Behavior. Vol. 3, 1992. Ethan A. Nadelmann, American Heritage Magazine, Feb-Mar, 1993. Medical Marijuana, lec.org/Drug_Watch/ Public/Documents/Med_Marijuana_Paper.htm, 1995.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Strategic Management In The Automoblile Industry Essay

Strategic Management In The Automoblile Industry - Essay Example In fact, Thailand and Malaysia have the credit of having the largest automobile sector which is also highly sophisticated. Both these countries competed in different ways in order to win the race of competition. They used individual set of strategies for the import substitution which is a part of the industrial development and also differed in their multinational strategies to a great extent. The automobile industry is considered to be one which conquers the entire industry. It has got a lot of components that contribute in the development of the nation along with technological advancements. A specific set of sequence needs to be followed in order to create a national level auto industry, especially in developing nations. This sequence is actually prescribed by the national auto industrial development. The first step of the formation of a national automobile industry would be to import completely built-up (CBU) vehicles by the distributors who are available locally. Then comes the assembling of semi/completely knock-down (CKD) vehicles by subsidiaries and licensed companies. The third step would be the assembling of CKD vehicles and the last and the final step of the sequence would be the full-scale manufacturing of the automobiles. The manufacturing would initially be limited to the domestic market and would be later spread by way of exports to other markets. PESTLE anal Task 1 PESTLE analysis: PESTLE analysis is a useful tool for understanding the "big picture" of the environment, in which you are operating, and the opportunities and threats that lie within it. By understanding the environment in which you operate (external to your company or department), you can take advantage of the opportunities and minimize the threats. (RAPIDBI) Political Environment: Political forces influence the legislations and government rules and regulations under which the firm operates. Economic Environment: Economic factors clearly indicate the nature and direction of the economy in which a firm operates. Progress is the key value and driver of Ford Motors. Social Environment: The social environment is an important factor as changes in the values, beliefs, attitudes, opinions and lifestyles in society create potential opportunities for an organization. The values of ford Motors is to always design an approach which helps in improving the quality of customers' lives and also to create an eco-friendly approach towards work. Technological Environment: Technological environment means the trends and developments in the technological field that might: improve production, create new product opportunities, and render the existing ones (Google). Technologically, Foed motors has always been leading the race in the automotive industry. Legal Environment: Legal factors also have to be considered by any firms before stepping into another country. Porter's five forces model - Description: The effective formulation of a strategy needs a clear understanding of competition. Competition in an industry is determined not only by existing competitors but also by other market forces such as customers, suppliers, potential entrants, and the existence of substitute products. . Michael E. Porter of the Harvard Business School has developed a framework known as the 'Five forces Model' to help analyze the business environment. Threat of New Entrants - The threat of new entrants rises as the barrier to entry is reduced in a